When a crime is reported to a Law Enforcement Agency, a docket is opened and an investigation is launched. The investigator investigates the report by obtaining physical evidence and speaking with witnesses to ascertain if there is likely cause to effect an arrest. Depending on the complexity of the case, the investigation could take some time.

The investigator will keep the victim of crime or the complainant updated throughout their investigation. Additionally, Law Enforcement Agencies have a duty to take all reasonable precautions to ensure the safety of the suspected criminal, the witnesses, and the victim of a crime

Once investigations are concluded, the suspect is formally arrested and the compiled docket is then forwarded to the National Prosecution Authority for possible prosecution.